Court of Appeals) who has written more than 40 books

ILSAS International Conference on Learning & Development

Court of Appeals) who has written more than 40 books

Why is America so much more religious than Europe

canada goose coats Images in stone and wood prove Hinduism trueHere at the University Canada Goose online of Chicago, two of our bigwig academics, Gary Becker and Richard Posner, run a tony website called The Becker Posner Blog. Court of Appeals) who has written more than 40 books. This is not mere speculation, for I document canada goose clearance sale my cheap canada goose uk theory with facts gathered by sociologists. canada goose coats

canada goose deals In contrast, Posner sees America religiosity as a result of competition: canada goose deals

Canada Goose Outlet Committed to a single set of rituals and beliefs, an established church is bound to lose the support of many people, who however may find only limited alternatives if competing churches are at a significant competitive disadvantage because of the established church’s governmental backing. Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose coats on sale Although the United uk canada goose outlet States had quasi established churches in New England at the founding of the nation, the First Amendment to the Constitution (1787) forbade the federal government to establish a church, and the state establishments soon canada goose uk outlet crumbled as well. The Fourteenth Amendment (1868) was eventually interpreted to forbid states to establish churches, and the Supreme Court continues to enforce a high degree of “separation” between church(es) and state even Canada Goose Online today, despite canada goose uk black friday the nation’s increased religiosity. As a result, canada goose black friday sale there is vigorous competition among religious sects in canada goose uk shop the United States, notably including competition in observances and doctrines. As a result of this greatly increased religious variety (compared to Europe, which has long had, and continues to have, established churches in most of its countries), there is a much greater likelihood of a given individual’s finding a religious sect that is to his liking in the United States than in Europe. canada goose coats on sale

canadian goose jacket He gives some other reasons, too, including the greater mobility of Americans than Europeans, presuming that joining a church is a way to establish roots in a new community. canadian goose jacket

cheap Canada Goose Well, perhaps there is some credibility to the competition theory, Canada Goose Parka but presumably other evidence could be adduced. Do other countries that allow similar buy canada goose jacket cheap religious freedom also show higher religiosity? I have no idea. cheap Canada Goose

canada goose clearance What I do know is that there are data from many countries showing that indices of societal dysfunction, and income inequality, are highly correlated with religiosity, presumably because societies in which people feel uncared for are societies that make people religious. If the government or your society don care for you, you to to the Father in Heaven. canada goose clearance

buy canada goose jacket cheap In other words, I see Posner analysis as rather superficial, driven largely by his economic interests and seemingly uninformed by other relevant facts from sociology. But it is unclear whether this is cause or canada goose consequence of the greater Canada Goose sale religiosity of Americans compared to Europeans. What seems more clearly causal is Americans’ individualism canada goose coats and spirit of independence. buy canada goose jacket cheap

buy canada goose jacket Umm… If it were just Americans of independence, then why among different countries is religious belief so strongly and negatively correlated with acceptance of evolution? (This is again documented in my Evolution paper.) Does Posner really think that Americans are more religious as a consequence of being so independent and individualistic that they reject science? Is he unaware that children imbibe their Jesus with their mothers milk, well before they are offered Darwinian comestibles? buy canada goose jacket

canada goose store This Canada Goose Outlet is a tricky question. How does one even compare the world of 1980, when one could not buy canada goose store an iPhone or participate in an online blog at ANY price with the world we live in today? So simply looking at median incomes will be in some ways deceptive. canada goose store

Canada Goose Jackets Nevertheless, a few canada goose factory sale minutes of research shows that over the last sixty years, there is no point for any income group where the median household income is lower in one decade compared to the last (at least up to 2007 that might not be true post recession). See, for example:It canada goose coats on sale is also obvious from this graph that cheap Canada Goose the bottom is mostly treading water while the top is rocketing off into canada goose outlet canadian goose jacket the stratosphere. So the inequality aspect is there and glaring, but I don uk canada goose think anyone has suffered an overall decline. There might be more insecurity, but that doesn show up in figures about actual household income. Canada Goose Jackets

canada goose Looking canada goose clearance at another measure buy canada goose jacket of standard living, life expectancy. That too is monotonic over the last 80 years at least, for both sexes and both blacks and whites as shown by this graph:Clearly, inequality can been see here too, but the trend is nonetheless Canada Goose Coats On Sale upwards for everyone. canada goose

Canada Goose online Look at another measure, per capita number of vehicles on the road. Taken from: Canada Goose online

canada goose black friday sale In 1970, the per capita number of registered vehicles was 0.36, today it is 0.88. Since cars were invented, there is no time when the per capita number of vehicles has declined except for a decline in 2009 Canada Goose Jackets from the recession (and that was from 0.9 peak in 2000 to 0.88), and even the post recession low is higher than the 1990 (0.77) or 1980 (0.71) figures canada goose black friday sale.

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